Within a week of fort henry's capture on the tennessee river by the joint army-navy command of grant on february 6, 1862, nearby fort donelson on the cumberland river came under siege by the same union force. The battle of fort donelson was fought from february 11 to february 16, 1862, in the western theater of the american civil war the capture of the fort by union forces opened the cumberland river as an avenue for the invasion of the south. Fort donelson summary: the battle of fort donelson involved the capture of ft donelson, tennessee and provided access to the cumberland river as a means of invading the confederacy it was fought from february 11 to february 16, 1862 and established general ulysses s grant as a major figure of the. Fort donelson has remained over the years an unspolied civil war battlefield by the time the fort came under protection of the us government in the 1930's, only the confederate outer trenches, and the interior fort itself were left.
Fort henry summary: the battle of fort henry was the first significant union victory of the american civil war brigadier general ulysses s grant’s success here, along with his victory at fort donelson , paved the way for the union to capture nashville, tennessee near the end of february. Essential civil war curriculum | kendall d gott, the fort henry-fort donelson campaign | july 2012 essential civil war curriculum | copyright 2012 virginia center. In february 1862, just a week after capturing tennessee’s fort henry, union brigadier general ulysses grant began his assault on nearby fort donelson on the cumberland river, a key gateway to.
Fort donelson, located near the cumberland and tennessee rivers, was a confederate stronghold backed up by thousands of soldiers the union, lead by ulysses s grant, attacked the fort after their initial taking of fort henry. The battle of fort donelson was a pivotal moment in the civil war this quiz will ask you about the events that occurred during the battle and why they were so critical to the outcome of the war. The confederate river batteries history, technology, and the entire course of the civil war changed here in february, 1862 duration: 3 minutes, 3 seconds near fort donelson, cumberland river, february 15, 1862 major-general halleck, commanding army of the west, saint louis, mo. The battle of fort mchenry was fought september 13/14, 1814, during the war of 1812 (1812-1815) having defeated napoleon in early 1814 and removed the french emperor from power, the british were able to turn their full attention to the war with the united states a secondary conflict while the wars. Consequences of the battle the fall of fort donelson was a major morale-booster for the union army, which had been losing pretty consistently since the start of the war.
The battle of fort henry on february 6, 1862, was the first significant union victory of the american civil war (1861-65) in an effort to gain control of rivers and supply lines west of the. Fort donelson is located in dover, tennessee this is considered a difficult hike due to the hills and the distance, approximately 75 miles. Early in the war, the union realized control of the major rivers would be the key to success in the western theater after capturing fort henry on the tennessee river on february 6, 1862, brig gen ulysses s grant advanced 12 miles cross-country to invest fort donelson on the cumberland river. Title attack and capture of fort donelson, tenn by genl us grant usa summary shows troop locations around fort donelson, tenn, on the cumberland river, as the union army prepared to attack.
The battle of fort donelson was fought from february 11 to february 16, 1862, in the western theater of the american civil war the capture of the fort by union forces opened the cumberland river, an important avenue for the invasion of the south the success elevated brig gen ulysses s grant. It was here that the momentous surrender of fort donelson took place, changing the course of the western theater of the civil war national cemetery today the national cemetery contains both civil war veterans and veterans who have served the united states since that time. Battle of shiloh: overview battle of shiloh (april 6-7 1862 union ) confederate forces launched a surprise attack on ulysses s grant while in the tennessee river but he was still able to prevail. Summary the capture of the fort by union forces opened the cumberland river as an avenue for the invasion of the south fort donelson protected the crucial cumberland river and, indirectly, the manufacturing city of nashville and confederate control of middle tennessee.
The battle of fort donelson in 1862 introduction when thinking about historical and decisive battles that were fought in the civil war, most people would think of the battle of gettysburg or the bloodiest day of the war at the battle of antietam. Fort donelson is a confederate fort located near the town of dover, tennessee the fort overlooks the cumberland river in overall command of the western department was confederate general albert sidney johnston. The cause: the fall of fort donelson in february 1862 it was the north's first major victory of the civil war, opening the way into the very heart of the confederacy just a month before, the confederates has seemed invincible.
Fort donelson was a fortress built by the confederacy during the american civil war to control the cumberland river leading to the heart of tennessee, and the heart of the confederacy the fort was named after confederate general daniel s donelson. Bpme - block 2 navy history and heritage - the civil war and its aftermath study guide by pstanki18 includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The capture of fort donelson on february 14-15, 1862, the union army under ulysses s grant captured fort donelson from the confederates this is the first major union victory in the war and opened up a route for the union army into northern alabama. The battle of fort donelson with kentucky’s decision to not join the confederacy, southern military leaders were forced to create key defensive positions along the tennessee and cumberland rivers, south of the kentucky border.